Case Interview Types

A.T. Kearney

As a global management consulting firm with a bright history and offices in 40 countries, A.T. Kearney is a highly regarded consulting firm. Industry specializations include aerospace and defense, chemicals, financial institutions, and transportation. A.T. Kearney focuses its efforts on several services, including strategy, analytics, M&A, procurement, and sustainability. Clients include more than 2/3 of the Fortune 500 and revenues are more than $1 billion. Moving forward, A.T. Kearney continues to aspires to maintain its image as a admired firm, with a great culture and high-quality work.

At A.T. Kearney, the interview process consists of both behavioral interviews and case interviews across several rounds. Behavioral interviews will tend to focus on your past experiences and is used to assess your overall fit with the firm. Case interviews at A.T. Kearney tend to have a heavy math emphasis. As a result, it is good practice to focus on developing your math skills before going into an interview with A.T. Kearney. Some cases might focus more on analyzing data and coming up with a presentation to give after you have taken a quick look at the data similar to a simulation. First round interviews normally consist of two 45 minute interviews and second round interviews tend to consist of three 45 minute interviews.

Bain & Company

Bain & Company is a Big 3 consulting firm that emerged out of the motto “results, not reports”. Started in 1973 by Bill Bain and six other Boston Consulting Group partners, the firm quickly rose to eminence by investing directly in it’s clients’ success through policies such as performance based fees, and by working with only a single client in each industry. Today, Bain has over 50 offices, in over 30 countries, with over 3500 consultants and does consulting work in almost all industries and functions. The firm is especially known as a leader in the Private Equity consulting space.

The interview process for Bain & Company consists of a first and second round. The first round consists of two interviewee-led case interviews, with a quick fit-portion before the case. The second round consists of three interviewee-led case interviews, with a quick fit-portion before the case, as well as one experience based interview, where you will be asked several behavioral questions based on your resume. The cases range in industry focus and topic, however commonly do cover the private equity industry, and deal with issues related to profitability. The ability to drive the case forward, as well as a results-oriented focus throughout the interviews will differentiate a candidate.


As the largest consulting firm by revenue in the world, Deloitte offers a broad range of services, to a myriad of clients. Deloitte’s consulting practice is segmented into three practices – Strategy and Operations, Technology Strategy, and Human Capital. Each practitioner also has a service line within their practice, and Deloitte has positions in all three of these capacities. Deloitte emphasizes the importance of providing clients work in all three of these practices in order to have the best experience.

Deloitte’s interview process has two stages after the resume drop. If invited to interview, the first round is a brief case interview, and a behavioral interview. If invited back, the second round interview is a combined 45 minute experience with both a behavioral and case portion. Deloitte’s interview style is primarily interviewer-led, and they look for a strong structure; Deloitte interviews rarely emphasize quantitative analysis. It should be noted that the actual type of interview does vary based on the service line that is being interviewed for.


EY is a Big Four financial services firm that focuses on Assurance, Tax, Advisory, and Transaction Advisory Services. Within Advisory there are four subservice lines: Actuarial, IT Risk and Assurance, Risk, and Performance Improvement. With an overall focus on finding the balance and improving the performance, EY is able to provide its clients with measurable, sustainable results. Additionally there is a major focus on industry and business performance.

The EY Advisory interview process consists of multiple rounds. If someone is offered a first round interview, they will be asked to complete an online writing assessment to test business knowledge and critical thinking. This is taken before the first round interview. Before the first round interview there is also a social night or pre-night to meet your interviewers. The next day is the first round interview which will be behavioral based. If one is invited to the final round interview, they will be invited to the office for a visit. During the visit there will be another behavioral interview that is considered to be very casual. During this final round there is potential to be asked technical questions that relate to experience and career goals, as well as some sort of brief case-related prompt.

Healthscape Advisors

HealthScape Advisors is a private healthcare management consulting firm. They serve clients ranging from insurance providers, to private equity groups in many fields such as operations improvement, growth strategies, valuation advising, and more. Located in Chicago, IL with less than 100 employees, HeathScape is a boutique firm serving clients across the country since their founding as the heathcare landscape continues to see dynamic changes and rapid growth.

HealthScape’s case style is similar to McKinsey and Company, but with a slightly stronger focus on math. It would be a good idea to do basic research on how health insurance works in the US, as well as look into recent news in the healthcare space over the past five years. HealthScape will be looking for the ability to brainstorm creatively in addition to well thought out ideas specific to the theoretical client and problem posed.

Hitachi Consulting

Hitachi Consulting is the offspring of Japanese behemoth multinational corporation Hitachi, a unique relationship in the consulting industry. A collection of acquisitions over the past 15 years, Hitachi now operates in six continents and has over 7000 employees serving both Fortune 500 and middle market clients. Even though Hitachi began as an IT consulting firm, the firm has grown its capabilities to include management consulting as well, with a fast growing sustainability practice.

The interview process for Hitachi consists of two rounds, usually an on-campus, and an on-site round. The on-campus round consists of two behavioral interviews looking for past accomplishments, as well as knowledge of Hitachi. The on-site round consists of more behavioral interviews looking for culture fit, as well as an individual or group case study. The group case study tests your ability to work in teams, as well as your analytical ability.


KPMG is a Big Four accounting firm that offers financial services in three key areas: Audit, Advisory, and Tax. Advisory is financial sector focused on improving business performance, similar to consulting. KPMG offers positions in management consulting, risk consulting, deal advisory, and strategy. The firm works to balance opportunity and risk for all clients with a better understanding of various market dynamics. The Advisory program is known for its rotational opportunities.

KPMG has two stages for their interview process. It first begins with a pre-night or social evening followed by a first round interview the next day. The first round interview is a 30-minute behavioral interview that allows the interviewer to fully understand the candidate’s resume and basic information. It is very conversational and casual. After the first round interview, candidates can be offered a second round interview. During this round, the candidate is usually invited to the local office for a tour. During the tour there will also be time set aside for two 30 minute interviews. While the interviews will be mainly focused on behavioral interviews, there is also opportunity for technical questions to ensure accurate knowledge is displayed. It is likely this final round is with two different partners of the firm.

McKinsey & Company

McKinsey & Company is a global management consulting firm that serves leading private and public businesses, governments, non-governmental organizations, and not-for-profits. McKinsey works in over 20 industries across eight functional practices and has a number of other capabilities and services that augment the solutions provided to their clients. ​​McKinsey is guided by their core values and measure success in terms of the impact on the performance and long-term health of their clients. McKinsey has a long history of success and continues to serve repeat clients with over 70% of its work being with clients they have had for over 10 years.​

McKinsey & Company interviews consist of both a behavioral and case aspect. The behavioral portion of the interview is aimed at doing a deep-dive into a specific experience to garner a holistic understanding of the situation. The interviewer will ask you to describe a situation pertaining to the characteristics they want to see and then will ask follow-up questions, looking for more details or clarification. The case portion of the interview is aimed at understanding your ability to think critically, actively engage with your interviewer in a problem-solving session, and assess your poise while solving a problem. The cases that you will encounter are based on consulting projects that McKinsey has completed in the past and are meant to be a back-and-forth discussion between the interviewee and interviewer.


As a Big Four firm, PwC does over $30 billion in revenue each year (of which roughly 30% is from consulting engagements). PwC’s clients represent both the public and private sector, and are both large and small. PwC also operates in almost every industry out there. A key part of PwC’s growth has been its commitment to “strategy through execution” as it allows PwC to not only come up with a strategy, but implement it for a client as well. PwC’s consulting roles are broken up into management, technology, and strategy, and then segmented by industry. PwC’s presence in the consulting industry has been helped by its acquisition of Booz & Company in 2014.

PwC’s interview process is a little different from traditional consulting interviews, specifically with regards to the case portion. On-campus interviews will include a behavioral portion and the potential for a small case question or brain-teaser. Candidates advancing to the second round will experience several interviews in the office, one of which will be a case interview. The case interview materials will be given to the candidates about 48 hours before their interview. Candidates should go through the materials that they receive and do some industry research to understand the situation. Upon arriving at the office, candidates will be given several questions based off of the materials they review and will have a short period of time to put together a handwritten PowerPoint deck to help answer these questions. The deck will then be used to present to a PwC employee.

Stax Inc.

A mid-size management consulting firm, Stax has locations globally, and a large portfolio of clients. Their solutions stress integration with the existing ecosystems of their clients, and Stax has more than 20 years of experience in the industry. Stax provides a great deal of resources to private equity clients with an emphasis on M&A work.

Stax’s Interview process has multiple stages of behavioral interviews, as well as one case. The company likes to focus on experiences that you have had and really get to understand what you did in that experience and what you learned from that experience. There are also some reports that the interview has an Excel test.